Bar Examinations and Bar Passage

Ringing Changes: Systems Thinking About Legal Licensing

Document Type

Law Review Article

Publication Date



minimum competence, bar exam design, non-exam licensing methods


The bar examination is a significant topic of conversation among regulators, bar examiners, the courts, legal educators, law students, and practicing lawyers. We seek to move beyond recent debates by proposing a new framework for conversations about the system of legal licensure, not merely the bar exam. In setting forth our framework, we build upon discussions from the Florida International University College of Law’s Summit on the Future of Legal Education and Entry to the Profession.