Grantee Research

Examining Sex and Ethnoracial Differences in Graduate School Enrollment

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



graduate school enrollment, race, gender, educational aspirations, graduate school diversity, socioeconomic status


The study examines enrollment disparities in graduate education enrollment among students of differing sex and ethnoracial identities. In doing so, we analyze a national sample of students who successfully completed their undergraduate education to understand the individual and institutional factors that influence their likelihood of enrolling in graduate school within the first few years of finishing college. Results from our general model emphasized the importance of educational aspirations, academics, college involvement, and institutional metrics in understanding the propensity to enroll in graduate school. The results across sex and ethnoracial identity reveal the complexity of the graduate enrollment process, and the importance of understanding how individual and institutional factors operate across these demographic classifications.