Commissioned Research

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



graduate schools, professional schools, law schools, medical schools, employment, salaries


This brief explores employment and earnings outcomes among advanced degree recipients. Examining these outcomes across degree, occupational and demographic categories paints a nuanced picture of the payoffs of graduate and professional education. This information is critical for prospective students and others seeking to assess the value of these degree programs.


Related research:

Sandy Baum, A Framework for Thinking About Law School Affordability (2018),

Sandy Baum & Patricia Steele, Financing Graduate and Professional Education: How Students Pay (2018),

Sandy Baum & Patricia Steele, Graduate and Professional School Debt: How Much Students Borrow (2018),

Sandy Baum & Patricia Steele, The Price of Graduate and Professional School: How Much Students Pay (2018),

Sandy Baum & Patricia Steele, Who Goes to Graduate School and Who Succeeds? (2017),